Coffee arrived in Mexico in the 19th century. Since then, there has been a long road that has led to the improvement of Mexican coffee. Little by little, Mexico is becoming more recognized in the world of specialty coffee due to its balanced, subtle and sweet flavors. Let’s talk a bit of the coffee situation in Mexico.
The main coffee-growing states are Chiapas, Puebla, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Guerrero, but coffee production can be found in other areas of the country as well. About 70% of Mexican coffee is grown in middle areas, between 400 and 900 meters above sea level. 90% of the coffee that is harvested in our country is Arabica, with different variants available (such as Bourbon, Catimor, Garnica, Typica, among others).
Mexico is the eighth country in the world in terms of coffee production. However, Mexican coffee represents only 3% of the international market. Most of the production is destined to the washed method, but natural coffee and honey processes begin to occur more frequently. Harvests usually occur between November and March, starting earlier in the lowlands and ending in the first quarter of the year in the highlands.
The Mexican coffee industry involves more than 300,000 people, the majority being small producers on land of less than 25 hectares. Coffee producers in Mexico face different problems that can influence the quality of the final product. The little infrastructure, the low financial support available, the plagues and the low productions are difficulties that strongly limit a significant number of producers. To try to counteract these problems, cooperatives between farms have been created, mainly those that have altitudes greater than 1,700 meters. These projects have managed to export high quality coffee.
Café Balancán grows its coffee at 1,200 meters above sea level. At our farm, we seek the best quality and the least environmental impact to bring a delicious and healthy cup to your home. The processes offered by Balancan are washed, natural, Yellow Honey, Red honey and Black honey. We have different varieties such as typica, bourbon, catimor, sarchimor, among others, offering you 100% arabica coffee. Enjoy a cup of our Mexican coffee!
Source: Moldvaer, A. 2014. Coffee Obsession. Doring Kindersley Limited, London.